St. Basil's Cathedral: one of the main religious attractions of the capital
St. Basil's Cathedral, located on Red Square. The main religious landmark of the country is part of the 11 churches and cathedral courtyards. The key figure of the religious ensemble is the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed, whose construction was completed in 1561. How the history of this place developed, and what it represents now.
Time of occurrence
The Church of St. Basil the Blessed was erected in record time. Its construction was carried out on the site of the once-wooden Trinity Church located here. Construction continued from 1555 to 1561. Bright, unusual for the capital of those years, until 1600, it was the tallest building in Moscow. The official name of the temple is the Cathedral of the Intercession on the Moat. This religious landmark got its name due to its location.
Pokrovsky Cathedral is another name for the complex, which includes the St. Basil's Cathedral. This temple is a monument, the construction of which was timed to the accession of the Kazan Khanate to the Russian state. The final battle, which put an end to a long-term yoke, took place on a bright religious holiday - the day of the Protection of the Virgin. Since then, each of the objects included in the cathedral, was timed to a major victory in one of the historical battles.
St. Basil's Cathedral has no basements. It is built on a common basis without supporting pillars. For the ventilation of the facade, special holes were invented. In a small podklet located under the ceiling, was the entrance. This small area was used as a warehouse. Later the basement was laid. St. Basil's Cathedral looks majestic, but inside it is quite a bit of free space.
The main distinctive feature of St. Basil's Cathedral is its iconostasis. It was created in 1895 by the project of Andrei Pavlinov, who was a famous Russian architect. The iconostasis with the gate is decorated with ancient icons, including the Smolensk Our Lady and the image of the Blessed Basil. The iconostasis of the temple is so large that it continues even on the walls. The main dome of the temple is painted with the face of the Almighty Almighty.
St. Basil's Cathedral today
On November 18, 1991, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree authorizing the holding of regular services in the St. Basil’s Cathedral. He, like other temples of the Moscow Kremlin is used to celebrate various religious holidays and now. The first service after a long stagnation was made here on October 14, 1991.